Detour: Color Commentator Eleanor LeBeau on Artist Arzu Ozkal #3   05.11.10

Lygia Clark, Sensory Masks, 1967


05.08.10: Composed throughout the day

9:29 a.m.
I email James Luna, who lives in SoCal. HELP! Please send advice about my upcoming performance score/script and possible live performance. [Addendum 05.11.10: Did you notice how fear prevented me from seeing beyond my own navel? And, most importantly, Im not focusing on Arzus process. Pedagogical moment # 17.]

9:54 a.m.
As promised, Arzu sends her morning email:

Good morning!

I got some rope yesterday; will try a few things today. Will let you know how it goes. :)


10:12 a.m.
I email Arzu to ask what she intends to do with the rope.

11:47 a.m.
Arzu responds by email:

Hi Eleanor,

Lygia Clark's performance is an inspiration: Lygia Clark "Propositions," 1966-1968.

Will write more tonight.

12:27 p.m.
Luna responds. The minimalist, as always, but right on point:


The moment you stand up and turn to the audience you are performing.
Communication can take many forms if you are not a public speaker. You can prerecord your statement, you can write it out, you can hand out notes or pass one around. Whisper to each one: Don't do Bob, Bob did it.....
Think about how you would like to be communicated to.

Be yourself.

I have no idea as to subject. That is between you and the artist.

Mr. Luna

Lygia Clark, The I and the You: Clothing/Body'Clothing, 1967

11:52 p.m.
All day Ive been wondering how the work of Brazilian artist Lygia Clark (1920-1988) might influence Love At First Si/ght/te. Above you will find image-pathways that lead to some of Clarks ideas. (Do you mind if I call her Lygia?) The trajectory of Lygias oeuvre in one sentence: She transitioned from Constructivist painting to sculpture to relational art (for lack of a better word) and finally to what has been called therapy.

She is not a household name in the U.S. (how many female visual artists are?), but very much respected in the art world. Maybe Lygia is not well known because her entire oeuvre thwarts fetishization of the object and thus presents major curatorial challenges. She attempted to escape both the notion of artist as genius, and the supremacy granted to the object which implicitly forces the viewer into a role of passive contemplation, Juan Vincente Aliaga notes in a 1998 issue of frieze.

After 1965, she labeled all of her works propositions: a set of rules created by the artist, using easy-to-find props, that are activated (or made) by others. The propositions only exist in the now and cannot be documented or sold or exhibited post-activation. You should also know that many of Lygias propositions emphasize non-visual experience (auditory, kinetic, haptic, olfactory) and attempt to collapse the mind/body duality. Said another way, the maker of a proposition may have an experience that compels him/her to reconsider the way s/hes been taught to think about the body/self. I dont know for sure. Ive never made a proposition. Im only imagining. Indeed, Lygia, like Arzu, is binary terrorist who collapses dichotomies: mind/body; intellect/senses; objective/subjective; author/spectator; object/spectator and so on.

What does Arzu plan to do with the rope and elastic bands? Is she using other props that shes not telling me about? Lygias propositions require the makers to wear plastic boiler suits and Mobius-strip handcuffs.

Is Arzus last email a proposition for you and me, the spectators? Shes set some parameters (or rules)"the performances title and Lygia Clark, for example"and now I use what I think I know so far about Love At First Si/ght/te to produce color commentary about Arzus artistic process.

Am I not making my own Love At First Si/ght/te?

Author: Christopher Lynn, Executive Director
Category: General

Detour: Color Commentator Eleanor LeBeau on Artist Arzu Ozkal #4   05.11.10

Images from Arzu's press release for "Relief valve,"on exhibit at the George Jones Memorial Farm in Oberlin from May 28-June 2.



9:52 a.m.; 3:19 p.m.; 5:26 p.m.

Arzu and I exchange emails. I dont know if its a good idea to give you play-by-play commentary about todays discussions. I suspect you may soon be grateful for my omissions, which I hope dont frustrate you too much right now.

Arzu went to Home Depot today for supplies, although she didnt say for what. Arzu rarely provides direct answers to my questions, only clues. Im fairly certain she doesnt have the time. Maybe she doesnt want to. Arzu strikes me as a doer, not someone who talks about doing. Besides, whats it like to be inundated with questions while youre in the middle of creating something? The sound of a ringing phone feels like an electric shock when Im writing. That said, perhaps my concerns about being too intrusive have made me a passive, overly self-reflexive commentator.

Today is Mothers Day and I have several mothers. I am busy, too.

11:49 p.m.

Arzus latest email confirms something Ive thought for several days now: She juggles multiple roles and projects with enviable equanimity. Monday is the start of Finals Week at Oberlin College, where she teaches Design as Social Process and New Media Practices and is currently dealing with art students in the throes of year-end deadlines. There are classes, office hours and Detour. Plus shes curating an exhibition that opens in two weeks.  Heres an excerpt from the press release she sent:

Relief Valve/Subap

Subap, 13 Türk sanatçnn, ulusal ve uluslararas çevre ve çevre politikalarna cevaben ürettii sanat eserlerinden oluan bir sergi. Sanatçlarn, fotoraf, ksa video, performans ve yerletirme gibi medyalar kullanarak küresel snma, çevre kirlilii, doal tahribat, çölleme ve genetii deitirilmi gdalar konularn ele alan çalmalarn sunacaklar sergi, 28 Mays - 2 Haziran tarihleri arasnda George Jones Hatra Çiflii'nde ziyaret edilebilir.

Im intrigued by the Turkish alphabet (29 letters). I also want to know what these words sound like. Heres the English version (slightly edited for length)

Relief valve: An exhibition of the work of thirteen artists whose work addresses environmental issues. Using a variety of media from photography and video to performance and installation, the selected art works provide insights into land use, biodiversity and the recent controversy over genetically modified foods in Turkey.

May 28- June 2, 2010
Location: George Jones Memorial Farm, Oberlin

For info: 440-775-8181
The exhibition is curated by Arzu Ozkal and Nanette Yannuzzi-Macias.

Yeni Ant, Nazan Azeri, Burçak Bingol, Genco Gülan, Güneli Gün, Erhan Muratolu, Suat Öüt, Ethem Özgüven, z Öztat & Dikaran

Ta, A. Tufan Palal, Mark Slankard, Eden Ünlüata

Tomorrow: Arzus first performance rehearsal at SPACES!

Author: Christopher Lynn, Executive Director
Category: General

Detour: Color Commentator Eleanor LeBeau on Artist Arzu Ozkal #1   05.09.10

The Other White Cube: Eleanor LeBeau's Day Job Work Station



6:08 a.m.

I wake excited and panicked. How am I going to pull off this play-by-play color commentary? I have obstacles, too:

1. Day Job

2. Distance from here to Oberlin

3. Access to Arzu

Plus another Big One: Is it even possible to document the creative process? Especially the creation of a performance? All I know is what Arzu tells me verbally and in writing. In the name of mischevious play, she could very well mislead me. There are no sketches or maquettes to give snapshots of her thoughts.

How does she work? Does she make notes? Write a performance score? Does it happen all in her head? I drink three cups of coffee (milk, no sugar). I listen to music"not NPRs morning news"on my commute to work. I dont need anything else to fill my head.

2:53 p.m

Im at Day Job. Arzu beams an email while shes in class at Oberlin:

I have some ideas forming. Shall we meet tomorrow night to discuss? I have to meet with a choreographer at 4 (yes for Detour), so it would have to be after 6, if thats okay with you.

A choreographer! What kind?

7:38 p.m.

I hit Arzus Web site to learn more about her work. I watch a half-dozen videos. I read everything, except for an article written in Turkish. Slam! Im shut out. Now thats a pedagogical moment. Heres a CliffsNotes version of her practice.  Keep in mind that form and content are inextricably intertwined:


1. New Media: video, Web sites, sound
2. Public interventions
3. Objects: original and appropriated
4. Graphic Design
5. Lectures
6. Teaching
7. Curating


1. The body as a site of social and political discourse.
2. The body as a site of state surveillance and control.
3. How is knowledge produced?
4. What is the relationship between knowledge and myth?
5. Semiotics: The processes of signification: How do words and objects accrue and produce meaning?
6. What is (are) the purpose(s) of nationalism?
7. Strategies used by the state to inculcate feelings of  nationalism"i.e. a collective identity and goals"in its citizens. How and why do national symbols like flags evoke  profound feelings of nationalism? How is language used to produce nationalism in citizens?
8. Homogeneity is a consequence of nationalism. What are the consequences of homogeneity?
9. The effects of war on children.
10. Strategies for breaking down socioeconomic and racial/ethnic barriers in urban communities.
11. The power of passive resistance.
12. Personalized digital technologies can be used as a form of government and corporate surveillance. Arzu writes in Technology Hijacking the Public Sphere, a 2006 paper delivered at a symposium in Istanbul:

Today, everyone in the world"even the youngest member of the populace"is encouraged to connect and stay connected to the network 24/7. It looks great to see those mini-laptops-for-children campaigns in the name of supporting education. Certainly, there will be many positive imapcts. But on the other hand, one should not dismiss that every computer hooked up to the network, every IP address assigned to a person will identify another traceable individual to be surveyed for national security and/or corporate interest. (emphasis added)

Good night.

Author: Christopher Lynn, Executive Director
Category: General

Detour: Color Commentator Eleanor LeBeau on Artist Arzu Ozkal #2   05.09.10

Arzu and Eleanor discussed serious art matters on Friday night at the Social Prosperity Club in Tremont.



6:33 a.m.

How is my play-by-play commentary going to influence the work-in-progress and the audiences reception of it? Live art traffics in subterfuge and surprise and mystery and thwarted expectations. Performance is mischievous play that traps unwitting observers. Reader, if I tell you everything I know about the work before you experience it"if I fully explain what Bourriard calls the line"have I killed it for you? Will Arzus performance be DOA? Do I even want to know everything"or anything"about the work before it happens?

Writers Obstacle # 5:  My training as a journalist. Facts, facts, facts. Hah!

Should my play-by-play be a truthful document of Arzus artistic process?

5:28 p.m.

I get travel books about Turkey from the library. Arzu was born in Ankara, the capital city, and earned her B.A. in graphic design at a major university there. My knowledge about the country is limited, although a week or so ago I read Elif Batumans evocative The Memory Kitchen: A chef rediscovers the foods that Turkey forgot in the New Yorkers April 19 issue.

Turkey remains at the heart of the ideological battle between East and West, the Lonely Planet Guide notes. Other books call Turkey the bridge between East and West. Although 98 percent of Turks are Muslim, the country is a secular state. Arzus 2003 Web site A Daily Media Diary of Turkey characterizes Turkey as not a bridge but a screen on which we can watch the interplay among various oppositions: secular vs. religious and East vs. West [].

7:01 p.m. to 9:38 p.m.

Another dark and stormy night. Im at the dimly-lit, wood-paneled Social Prosperity Club in Tremont, nursing a Bacardi and Diet Coke (uninspired, I know) while I wait for Arzu and her partner to arrive. (Her partner shall remain anonymous unless I decide otherwise.) Im scribbling questions in my reporters notebook when Arzu and her partner appear at my table. I anxiously wait until they order (two beers and sweet potato fries) before I bombard Arzu with questions.

I begin with the choreographer tidbit Arzu fed me in yesterdays email. Since our conversation bounced around like a spastic SuperBall, what Im about to tell you about her work-in-progress was not relayed to me in the exact sequence youre about to read. Bits and pieces were revealed here and there"either through direct questions or spontaneous statements"and then I cobbled them together for this narrative, which is my impression of the discussion.

Arzu first got the idea for the project while driving home from the SPACES meeting on Wednesday night. Now its growing and changing, even as she talks about it. The play or performances theme is Love At First Site/Sight, an ironic spin on either Arzus disinterest in or disdain for galleries. (I didnt verify the spelling here"Im just assuming its homonym wordplay.) The performance may or may not be one-night only. It will last three minutes or more and feature three characters or more: The Actress, The Playwright and The Choreographer. Arzu will be the Actress. The Choreographer is a French transfer student at Oberlin College whos trained in classical ballet. She will choreograph a dance or something for Arzu.

Now, keep in mind that everything I tell you is mediated by my own scopic regime. Objective reportage is a myth. Objective journalism is a myth. Every decision about what to tell you, the reader, and what to withhold is a subjective decision based on worldview and experience and a gazillion other variables.

Arzu said she was going to purchase some elastic bands, although she didnt say for what. I think Arzu is going to be what performance scholar Rebecca Schneider calls a binary terrorist"an artist whose work collapses binaries.  There are lots of oppositions to play with here: performer/audience, participant/observer and art-object/viewer.

At some point Arzu says, I can see you as the Playwright. I almost choke on my drink. Earlier shed said, I can see you reading your blog postings while I am performing. Do these statements mean the same thing? Whatever the case, public speaking and performance terrifies me. I do it, but the terror preceding the performance is almost unmanageable. She gives me no further instructions, other than that I have to produce a three-minute (or longer) script. Freedom can be paralyzing.

I burst into maniacal laughter. We all burst into maniacal laughter.

Deleuze and Guattari say that Every failure is a masterpiece, Arzu says, laughing. Im really afraid it might be the only masterpiece I ever make.

We agree to email every morning and every evening.

Author: Christopher Lynn, Executive Director
Category: General

Detour: Color Commentary by Eleanor LeBeau on Arzu Ozkal #1   05.07.10

Detour Round Table; Photograph by Brandon Juhasz courtesy of

Composed on May 7, 2010 about 10:09 a.m.



When French art critic and curator Nicolas Bourriard famously described a work of art as a dot on a line, what he meant was that a great deal of thought, research, planning and labor precedes the realization of a painting, document or performance. The public only gets to see the dot.  Most of the time, the critic only gets to see the dot. Detour is a rare but much-needed chance for the critic and the public to see the line"and then the dot.

6:20 p.m.

Arzu Ozkal and I were the first participants to arrive at Detours meeting of five artists and five critics. Christopher Lynn, SPACES genial director, introduced us. Arzu had rushed from Oberlin College, where she teaches studio and new media art. I came from a nine-hour shift at my Day Job, headquartered somewhere in Ohio City, which shall remain unnamed for confidentiality reasons. Arzu grabs a beer from the spread of refreshments Chris has laid out for us. I grab an oatmeal cookie (bad girl) to go with the coffee I brought along. Behind us, multidisciplinary artist Bruce Edwards peels a tangerine. I comment on the refreshing smell. Bruce offers me a slice. I eat it, grateful for the gesture. Participants trickle in and soon the rooms abuzz.

8:15 p.m.-ish

Excited by the smart conversation, Im losing track of time. Using their websites as jumping-off points, the five artists brief us on their practices. Im intrigued by all, but most intrigued by Arzus work. The Turkish-born artist uses videos, websites, public interventions and performances to explore the concept of the body (as she puts it) and its relation to social and political discourses. Yes! Shes been reading Michel Foucault and probably the work of Amelia Jones, a prominent scholar of performance art. Yes! Chris asks the artists and writers to pair up. I immediately turn to Arzu. She nods. Im thrilled.

During a break I discover that Arzu has met the subject of my very long masters thesis: James Luna (Luiseño), a performance-installation artist whose body" and its relation to social and political discourses"is a main component of his work []. Arzus eyes brighten when I mention Luna. Hes one of my favorite artists, she says. Arzu met Luna when she was a graduate student at SUNY Buffalo. She had a studio visit with him and, inevitably, he was intrigued by her work.

9:30 p.m.-ish

Were still in the process of choosing the obstacles for each artist. The conversation is electric. Ideas are swirling around the room. Arzu is fairly quiet throughout the process, mainly sitting back and observing. The artists are struggling to impose obstacles on each other. Are we supposed to make each other miserable? someone asks. Well, I wouldnt rule out misery, as long as its not misery for miserys sake, Chris replies.

We come to Arzu. Theres talk about asking her to work in a gallery space, since shes never done that. Her artworks are performances on the streets of  Buffalo, Web sites like A Daily Media Diary of Turkey and videos posted on the Internet. Chris suggests we might ask her to become an insider, since many of her projects deal with her being an outsider. Earlier, Arzu told us that she came to the U.S. as a quasi-Middle-Easterner right after 9/11, and her work began to deal with this identity as a foreigner. Chris also notes that she tends to take a passive role in her public interventions/performances. In Unattended Body (no date available), Arzu sat silent and motionless on black-topped strip-mall parking lots and grassy patches next to bank buildings, her videographer waiting to capture a passerbys confused stare. Her venues are public spaces. Her audience"though often unwitting" is the public.

The group decides. She gets more obstructions than the other artists:

1) Be active

2) Stage something

3) Bring an audience

I feel confident that she can rise to the task. I also feel guilty because I suggested she try more than one. Will she later thank me or curse my name?

10 p.m.-ish
Excited but weary-eyed, Arzu and I agree to email the next day. Tomorrow we both work Day Jobs, but make plans to meet on Friday.

" Eleanor LeBeau

Author: Christopher Lynn, Executive Director
Category: General

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